Validity as a social imperative: users’ and leaders’ perceptions

Authors

  • Mélanie Marceau Université de Sherbrooke
  • Christina St-Onge Université de Sherbrooke
  • Frances Gallagher Université de Sherbrooke
  • Meredith Young McGill University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36834/cmej.73518

Abstract

Introduction: Recently, validity as a social imperative was proposed as an emerging conceptualization of validity in the assessment literature in health professions education (HPE). To further develop our understanding, we explored the perceived acceptability and anticipated feasibility of validity as a social imperative with users and leaders engaged with assessment in HPE in Canada.

Methods: We conducted a qualitative interpretive description study. Purposeful and snowball sampling were used to recruit participants for semi-structured individual interviews and focus groups. Each transcript was analyzed by two team members and discussed with the team until consensus was reached.

Results: We conducted five focus group and eleven interviews with two different stakeholder groups (users and leaders). Our findings suggest that the participants perceived the concept of validity as a social imperative as acceptable. Regardless of group, participants shared similar considerations regarding: the limits of traditional validity models, the concept’s timeliness and relevance, the need to clarify some terms used to characterize the concept, the similarities with modern theories of validity, and the anticipated challenges in applying the concept in practice. In addition, participants discussed some limits with current approaches to validity in the context of workplace-based and programmatic assessment.

Conclusion: Validity as a social imperative can be interwoven throughout existing theories of validity and may represent how HPE is adapting traditional models of validity in order to respond to the complexity of assessment in HPE; however, challenges likely remain in operationalizing the concept prior to its implementation.

Author Biographies

Mélanie Marceau, Université de Sherbrooke

Assistant professor, School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences

Christina St-Onge, Université de Sherbrooke

Full professor, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences

Frances Gallagher, Université de Sherbrooke

Full professor, School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences

Meredith Young, McGill University

Associate professor, Department of Medicine and Institute of Health Sciences Education, Faculty of Medicine

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Published

2022-04-14

How to Cite

1.
Marceau M, St-Onge C, Gallagher F, Young M. Validity as a social imperative: users’ and leaders’ perceptions. Can. Med. Ed. J [Internet]. 2022 Apr. 14 [cited 2022 Aug. 19];13(3):22-36. Available from: https://journalhosting.ucalgary.ca/index.php/cmej/article/view/73518