A review of methods to assess the economic impact of distributed medical education (DME) in Canada

Authors

  • Kim Lemky Research Associate Brandon University
  • Pierre Gagne Université de Montréal, Trois Rivieres, Quebec
  • Jill Konkin University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta
  • Karl Stobbe McMaster University, St Catharines, Ontario
  • Gervan Fearon Brock University, St Catharines, ON
  • Sylvia Blom Cornell University, Ithaca, New York
  • Genevieve Maltais Lapointe Brandon University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36834/cmej.43343

Keywords:

Distributed Medical Education, Literature Review, Economic Impact, Economic Assessment Methods, Canada

Abstract

Background: Canadian distributed medical education (DME) increased substantially in the last decade, resulting in positive economic impacts to local communities. A reliable and simple method to estimate economic contributions is essential to provide managers with information on the extent of these impacts. This review paper fills a gap in the literature by answering the question: What are the most applicable quantitative methods to assess the economic impact of Canadian DME programs?

Methods: The literature is reviewed to identify economic assessment methods. These are evaluated and compared based on the benefits, challenges, data needs, outputs and potential for use in the DME context.

Results: We identified five economic impact methods used in similar contexts. Two of these methods have the potential for Canadian DME programs: the Canadian Input-Output (I-O) model and the Simplified American Council on Education (ACE) method.

Conclusion: Choice of a method is contingent on the ability to measure the salient economic impacts, and provide an output that facilitates sustainable decision making. This paper thus fills a gap by identifying methods applicable to DME. These methods will assist stakeholders to calculate economic impacts, resulting in both the advancement and sustainability of these programs over short- and long-term time frames.

Author Biographies

Kim Lemky, Research Associate Brandon University

Research Associate and Instructor, Brandon University

Past Acting Director of Rural Development Institute

Economic Impact Assessment 

Pierre Gagne, Université de Montréal, Trois Rivieres, Quebec

MD, MSc, FRCP(C)  Senior Advisor on Regional Campus Development

Campus de l’Universite de Montreal en Mauricie, Faculté de médecine,

Jill Konkin, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta

MD, Associate Dean & Division Director, Division of Community Engagement, 2-115 Edmonton Clinic Health Academy

Karl Stobbe, McMaster University, St Catharines, Ontario

Past Regional Assistant Dean, Niagara Regional Campus, Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine

Gervan Fearon, Brock University, St Catharines, ON

President

Sylvia Blom, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York

PhD Candidate

Genevieve Maltais Lapointe, Brandon University

Research Analyst, Institutional Data & Analysis

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Published

2018-03-28

How to Cite

1.
Lemky K, Gagne P, Konkin J, Stobbe K, Fearon G, Blom S, Maltais Lapointe G. A review of methods to assess the economic impact of distributed medical education (DME) in Canada. Can. Med. Ed. J [Internet]. 2018 Mar. 28 [cited 2023 Mar. 29];9(1):e87-99. Available from: https://journalhosting.ucalgary.ca/index.php/cmej/article/view/43343

Issue

Section

Reviews, Theoretical Papers, and Meta-Analyses