The association between applicant gender and racial or ethnic identity and success in the admissions process at a Canadian medical school: a prospective cohort study

Authors

  • Rabiya Jalil University of Calgary
  • Makela Nkemdirim University of Calgary
  • Pamela Roach University of Calgary
  • Remo Panaccione University of Calgary
  • Shannon M Ruzycki University of Calgary

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36834/cmej.75255

Abstract

Background: Canadian data suggests that Black candidates may be less successful than other groups when applying to medical school. We sought to comprehensively describe the racial and/or ethnic identity, gender identity, sexual orientation, and ability of applicants to a single Canadian medical school. We also examined for an association between success at each application stage and applicant gender and racial identity.

Methods: Class of 2024 applicants to a single Canadian medical school were invited to complete a demographics survey. The odds of achieving each application stage (offered an interview, offered a position, and matriculating) were determined for each demographic group.

Results: There were 595 participants (32.4% response rate). The demographics of the applicant pool and matriculating class were similar. There was no difference in interview offers or matriculation between BIPOC and white candidates. Cisgender men were overrepresented in interviews compared to cisgender women (OR 0.64; 95%CI 0.43-0.95; p = 0.03) but not in matriculation. BIPOC cisgender women received more interview invitations compared to other groups (OR 2.74, 95%CI 1.20-6.25; p = 0.02).

Conclusions: Differences in applicant success for differing demographic groups were most pronounced being offered an interview.

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Author Biographies

Rabiya Jalil, University of Calgary

Dr. Jalil is a Clinical Assistant Professor in the Department of Family Medicine.

Makela Nkemdirim, University of Calgary

Dr. Nkemdirim is a Clinical Lecturer in the Department of Family Medicine at the University of Calgary.

Pamela Roach, University of Calgary

Dr. Roach is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Family Medicine in the University of Calgary.

Remo Panaccione, University of Calgary

Dr. Panaccione is a Professor in the Department of Medicine at the University of Calgary.

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Published

2024-03-28

How to Cite

1.
Jalil R, Nkemdirim M, Roach P, Panaccione R, Ruzycki SM. The association between applicant gender and racial or ethnic identity and success in the admissions process at a Canadian medical school: a prospective cohort study. Can. Med. Ed. J [Internet]. 2024 Mar. 28 [cited 2024 Jun. 15];15(2):39-48. Available from: https://journalhosting.ucalgary.ca/index.php/cmej/article/view/75255

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Brief Reports