Level of integration in current undergraduate curricula of two private-sector medical colleges in Karachi


  • Naila Baig Ziauddin University
  • Faiza Siddiqui Liaquat College of Medicine and Dentistry
  • Mirza Altamish Muhammad Baig Ziauddin University
  • Iram Khursheed Ziauddin University
  • Khubaib Muhammad Shamim Meah Ziauddin University




Background: Diverse strategies are employed globally to integrate medical curricula. Nevertheless, a gap exists in assessing the role of medical instructors in meaningful integration. We developed and used a tool to explore the current level of integration, score medical instructors’ individual practices for integration, and investigate contextual elements minimizing integration.

Methodology: This cross-sectional study, conducted in September-November-2020, used convenience-sampling. The study participants were basic-sciences and clinical instructors at two private-sector medical colleges in Karachi-Pakistan (with a response rate of 53.5%, n = 107). We validated a paper-based questionnaire through a pilot study on five participants. This tool with 11 close-ended questions on a 5-point Likert scale generated instructors’ integration scores, and six open-ended questions probed instructors’ perspectives.

Results: The mean integration score was 37.4±6.7. Participants’ perspectives indicated a need for participation of clinical faculty in teaching initial undergraduate years, involving lecturers in curriculum meetings, and integration of assessment. The questionnaire Cronbach-alpha was 0.732 with satisfactory principal-component-analysis.

Conclusion: Medical instructors facilitated integration mainly through concurrent timetabling of similar topics. Moreover, formal consultation through committee meetings, with discipline-based and integrated approaches complementing each other, were in practice to achieve curricular goals.




How to Cite

Baig N, Siddiqui F, Baig MAM, Khursheed I, Meah KMS. Level of integration in current undergraduate curricula of two private-sector medical colleges in Karachi . Can. Med. Ed. J [Internet]. 2022 Jun. 13 [cited 2022 Aug. 19];13(3):84-90. Available from: https://journalhosting.ucalgary.ca/index.php/cmej/article/view/73910



Special Issue on Change in Medical Education