Determinants of mental health professionals’ attitudes towards recovery: A review

Facteurs déterminants de l’attitude des professionnels en santé mentale envers le rétablissement - une revue de littérature

  • Mimosa Luigi University of Montreal http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9862-2411
  • Filippo Rapisarda Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
  • Marc Corbière University of Quebec in Montreal
  • Luigi De Benedictis University of Montreal; Institut Universitaire en Santé Mentale de Montréal, CIUSSS East-of-Montréal
  • Anne-Marie Bouchard University of Montreal
  • Amélie Felx Institut Universitaire en Santé Mentale de Montréal, CIUSSS East-of-Montréal
  • Massimo Miglioretti University of Milan-Bicocca
  • Amal Abdel-Baki University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
  • Alain Lesage University of Montreal; Institut Universitaire en Santé Mentale de Montréal, CIUSSS East-of-Montréal

Abstract

Objective: The attitudes of mental health professionals towards consumers’ recovery are far more pessimistic than what is needed for the recovery-orientation to truly permeate systems of care. It has become pressing to depict determinants for these attitudes and how they evolve during professionalization. This, in the hopes to adjust not only medical education, but also ongoing training of professionals.

Methods: A systematic search of PubMed and PsycINFO databases was conducted, yielding a net 15 303 records. Twenty-two publications from specific educational journals and reference lists were added. Finally, thirty-four full texts were read, from which twenty-two articles were included.

Results: From the reviewed studies emerged five main determinants: profession, education, age, clinical experience, and nature of the contact with consumers. Traditional clinical placements during residency, negative experiences with acute patients, younger age and the professional attitudes of psychiatrists seem to all be determining factors for professionals’ pessimistic attitudes towards recovery.

Conclusions: This review found specific determinants for attitudes in recovery and four out of five can be acted upon. For a recovery-orientation to be implemented across our mental health system, we formulate recommendations within the Canadian context for revision of curriculum, recovery-specific training, and operationalisation through state/provincial technical assistance centers.

Author Biographies

Mimosa Luigi, University of Montreal
Undergraduate researcher, Faculty of Medicine
Filippo Rapisarda, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
Clinical Psychologist, Doctorate School in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Marc Corbière, University of Quebec in Montreal
Professor, Department of education and pedagogy – Faculty of the sciences of education
Anne-Marie Bouchard, University of Montreal
Director of the general psychiatry program, Department of Psychiatry
Amélie Felx, Institut Universitaire en Santé Mentale de Montréal, CIUSSS East-of-Montréal
Vice director, Mental health and substance abuse program.
Massimo Miglioretti, University of Milan-Bicocca
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology and Cognitive Sciences.
Amal Abdel-Baki, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Professor, Department of Psychiatry.
Published
2020-05-21
How to Cite
Luigi, M., Rapisarda, F., Corbière, M., De Benedictis, L., Bouchard, A.-M., Felx, A., Miglioretti, M., Abdel-Baki, A., & Lesage, A. (2020). Determinants of mental health professionals’ attitudes towards recovery: A review: Facteurs déterminants de l’attitude des professionnels en santé mentale envers le rétablissement - une revue de littérature. Canadian Medical Education Journal, 11(5), e62-e73. https://doi.org/10.36834/cmej.61273
Section
Review Papers and Meta-Analyses