Adaptive Expertise in CanMEDS 2025




Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

Nathan Cupido, University of Toronto

PhD Student, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto and The Wilson Centre, University Health Network and Temerty Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto

Nancy Fowler, McMaster University

Executive Director, Academic Family Medicine,College of Family Physicians of Canada

Associate Professor,Dept Family Medicine, McMaster University

Lyn K Sonnenberg , University of Alberta

Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta

Glenrose Rehabilitation Hospital

Vice President, Medical Council of Canada (MCC)

Vice Chair, Specialty Committee, Developmental Pediatrics, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada

Anna Karwowska , University of Ottawa

Assistant Professor,  Department of Pediatrics, University of Ottawa

Vice President, Education Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada

Denyse Richardson , University of Toronto

Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Physiatry, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Faculty, Dalla Lana School of Public Health

Clinician Educator, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada

Linda Snell , McGill University

Professor of Medicine and Health Sciences Education, McGill University, Montreal,Canada

Senior Clinician Educator, Royal College  of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada

Maria Mylopoulos, University of Toronto

Senior Scientist & Associate Director, The Wilson Centre

University Health Network

Associate Professor, Department of Paediatrics

Curriculum Scientist, MD Program

Temerty Faculty of Medicine

University of Toronto

Program Director, Health Professions Education Research

Institute of Health Policy Management and Evaluation

Dalla Lana School of Public Health

University of Toronto


Thoma B, Karwowska A, Samson L, et al. Emerging concepts in the CanMEDS physician competency framework. Can Med Educ J. 2023.

Mylopoulos M, Woods NN. When I say… adaptive expertise. Med Educ. 2017;51(7):685-686.

Schwartz DL, Bransford JD, Sears D. Efficiency and innovation in transfer. In Mestre, JP, ed. Transfer of Learning From a Modern Multidisciplinary Perspective. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing; 2005:1-51.

Hatano G, Inagaki K. Two courses of expertise. In Stevenson H, Azuma, H, Hakuta, K, ed. Child Development and Education in Japan. New York, NY: W. H. Freeman; 1984:27-36.

Lin X, Schwartz DL, Bransford J. Intercultural adaptive expertise: explicit and implicit lessons from Dr. Hatano. Hum Dev. 2007;50(1):65-72.

Mylopoulos M, Brydges R, Woods NN, Manzone J, Schwartz DL. Preparation for future learning: a missing competency in health professions education?. Med Educ. 2016;50(1):115-123.

Mylopoulos M, Kulasegaram K, Woods NN. Developing the experts we need: fostering adaptive expertise through education. J Eval Clin Pract. 2018;24(3):674-677.

Mylopoulos M, Steenhof N, Kaushal A, Woods NN. Twelve tips for designing curricula that support the development of adaptive expertise. Med Teach. 2018;40(8):850-854.

Sonnenberg LK. Digital health, learner competence, and a pandemic: the storm I had been waiting for. Arch Med Health Sci. 2021;9(1):12-15.

Cutrer WB, Miller B, Pusic MV, et al. Fostering the development of Master Adaptive Learners: a conceptual model to guide skill acquisition in medical education. Acad Med. 2017;92(1):70-75.

Pusic MV, Santen SA, Dekhtyar M, et al. Learning to balance efficiency and innovation for optimal adaptive expertise. Med Teach. 2018;40(8):820-827.



2022-10-25 — Updated on 2023-03-21

How to Cite

Cupido N, Fowler N, Sonnenberg LK, Karwowska A, Richardson D, Snell L, Thoma B, Mylopoulos M. Adaptive Expertise in CanMEDS 2025. Can. Med. Ed. J [Internet]. 2023 Mar. 21 [cited 2024 May 29];14(1):18-21. Available from:



Emerging Concepts

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 > >>