A proposed learning environment framework for virtual care


  • John Liu University of British Columbia
  • Heather Buckley University of British Columbia
  • Kendall Ho University of British Columbia
  • Maria Hubinette University of British Columbia
  • Arman Abdalkhani University of British Columbia
  • Cheryl Holmes University of British Columbia
  • Nawaaz Nathoo University of British Columbia




The way in which health care is delivered has rapidly changed since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, with a rapid increase in virtual delivery of clinical care. As a result, the learning environment (LE) in health professions education, which has traditionally been situated in the bricks-and-mortar clinical context, now also requires attention to the virtual space. As a frequently examined topic in the health professions literature, the LE is a critical component in the development and training of future healthcare professionals. Based on a published conceptual framework for the LE from Gruppen et al. in 2019, a conceptual framework for how the LE can manifest through virtual care space is presented here. The four components of personal, social, organizational, physical/virtual spaces are explored, with a discussion of how they can be integrated into virtual care. The authors provide suggestions that health professions educators can consider when adapting their LE to the virtual environment and highlight aspects of its integration that require further research and investigation.



2021-12-06 — Updated on 2021-12-31


How to Cite

Liu J, Buckley H, Ho K, Hubinette M, Abdalkhani A, Holmes C, Nathoo N. A proposed learning environment framework for virtual care. Can. Med. Ed. J [Internet]. 2021 Dec. 31 [cited 2022 May 16];12(6):28-34. Available from: https://journalhosting.ucalgary.ca/index.php/cmej/article/view/71373



Major Contributions