I Appreciate You: A Spectral Reading of SoTL during COVID-19
Keywords:hauntology, methodology, COVID-19, Appreciative Inquiry, blogging
What lives amongst loss? This study employs spectral reading practice to thematically analyze the scholarship of teaching and learning (SoTL) produced within the Canadian blogosphere during the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite the extent of loss that the pandemic brought, the findings of this study reveal that SoTL practitioners continued to embrace positive affectivities and “what works” in their reflective research about the experience of teaching and learning during crisis times. The four revealed themes—endless possibilities, teaching as care, care ethics, and community awe—point towards a hardening disciplinary and methodological characterization of SoTL (or what I refer to as a “SoTL attitude”) that is rooted in qualities of appreciation, generosity, and reparation. Overall, this work contributes to examinations of SoTL as an evolving disciplinary area, providing unique insights into its surprisingly cohesive response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Abbot, Sophia. 2019. “Legitimating Reflective Writing in SoTL.” Elon University Center for Engaged Learning Blog, September 24, 2019. https://www.centerforengagedlearning.org/legitimating-reflective-writing-in-sotl/.
Barrett, Frank J. 2017. “David L. Cooperrider: The Articulator of Appreciative Inquiry.” In The Palgrave Handbook of Organizational Change Thinkers, edited by David B. Szabla, William A. Pasmore, Mary A. Barnes, and Asha N. Gipson, 315–36. London: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-52878-6_36.
Barske, Valerie, Ekaterina Levintova, Valerie Murrenus Pilmaier, and Darci Thoune. 2019. “SoTL and the Gendered Division of Labor on Our Campuses: A Case for More Equity and Change in Professional Values.” Academic Labor Beyond the College Classroom: Working for Our Values, edited by Holly Hassel and Kirsty Cole, 137–52. New York: Routledge.
Bass, Randy. 1999. “The Scholarship of Teaching: What’s the Problem?” Inventio: Creative Thinking about Learning and Teaching 1(1): 1–10.
Bell, Michael M. 1997. “The Ghosts of Place.” Theory and Society 26 (6): 813–36. https://www.jstor.org/stable/657936.
Bender, Eileen T. 2005. “CASTLs in the Air: The SOTL ‘Movement’ in Mid-Flight.” Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning 37(5): 40–49. https://www.jstor.org/stable/40178230.
Best, Stephen, and Sharon Marcus. 2009. “Surface Reading: An Introduction.” Representations 108 (1): 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1525/rep.2009.108.1.1.
Boyer, Ernest L. 1990. Scholarship Reconsidered: Priorities of the Professoriate. San Francisco: Wiley.
Braxton, John M., Clay H. Francis, Jenna W. Kramer, and Christopher R. Marsicano. 2018. “Inventorying the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning Literature.” In Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research, edited by Michael B. Paulsen, 181–25. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-72490-4_3.
Brownell, Sara E., and Kimberly D. Tanner. 2012. “Barriers to Faculty Pedagogical Change: Lack of Training, Time, Incentives, and . . . Tensions with Professional Identity?” CBE—Life Sciences Education 11(1): 339–46.https://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.12-09-0163.
Carter, Bernie. 2006. “‘One Expertise Among Many’ — Working Appreciatively to Make Miracles Instead of Finding Problems: Using Appreciative Inquiry as a Way of Reframing Research.” Journal of Research in Nursing 11(1): 48–63. https://doi.org/10.1177/1744987106056488.
Center for Engaged Learning. n.d. “Asking Inquiry Questions.” Accessed September 22, 2022. https://www.centerforengagedlearning.org/studying-engaged-learning/asking-inquiry-questions/.
Christensen, Jannick F. 2021. “Orange Feelings and Reparative Readings, or How I Learned to Know Alternative Organization at Roskilde Festival.” Culture & Organization 27 (2): 152–70. https://doi.org/10.1080/14759551.2020.1804385.
Coghlan, Anne T., Hallie Preskill, and Tessie Tzavaras Catsambas. 2003. “An Overview of Appreciative Inquiry in Evaluation.” New Directions for Evaluation 2003(100): 5–22.
Cook-Sather, Alison, Sophia Abbot, and Peter Felten. 2019. “Legitimating Reflective Writing in SoTL: ‘Dysfunctional Illusion of Rigor’ Revisited.” Teaching & Learning Inquiry 7 (2): 14–27. https://doi.org/10.20343/teachlearninqu.7.2.2.
Cooperrider, David L. 1986. “Appreciative Inquiry: Toward a Methodology for Understanding and Enhancing Organizational Innovation.” PhD diss., Case Western Reserve University.
Darling, Ann L. 2004. “Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Communication: New Connections, New Directions, New Possibilities.” Communication Education 52 (1): 47–49. https://doi.org/10.1080/03634520302458.
Davies, Julia, and Guy Merchant. 2007. “Looking from the Inside Out: Academic Blogging as New Literacy.” A New Literacies Sampler, edited by Michele Knobel and Colin Lankshear, 167–97. Bern, CH: Peter Lang Publishing.
De Jaeger, Amy E., Brenda M. Stoesz, and Lori A. Doan. “Tensions and Partnerships: Understanding Research Ethics in the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (SoTL).” Ethics and the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning 2, edited by Lisa M. Fedoruk, 43–63. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-11810-4_4.
Derrida, Jacques. 2006. Spectres of Marx: The State of the Debt, the Work of Mourning and the New International. New York: Routledge.
Derrida, Jacques, and Bernard Stiegler. 2002. Echographies of Television: Filmed Interviews. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Di Leo, Jeffrey R. 2013. “Paralogical Inquiry.” In Corporate Humanities in Higher Education: Moving Beyond the Neoliberal Academy, 27–43. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137361530_3.
Elbow, Peter. 2009. “The Believing Game or Methodological Believing.” Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning 14 (3): 1–16.
Felski, Rita. 2011. “Critique and the Hermeneutics of Suspicion.” M/C Journal 15(1). https://doi.org/10.5204/mcj.431.
Fitzpatrick, Kathleen. 2019. Generous Thinking: A Radical Approach to Saving the University. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.
Franks, Amy M., and Nalin Payakachat. 2020. “Positioning the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning Squarely on the Center of the Desk.” American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 84 (9): 1169–74. https://doi.org/10.5688/ajpe8046.
Gilpin, Lorraine S., and Delores Liston. 2009. “Transformative Education in the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning: An Analysis of SoTL Literature.” International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning 3 (2): 1–8. https://doi.org/10.20429/ijsotl.2009.030211.
Glasser, Barney G., and Anselm L. Strauss. 2009. The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. Reprint. Piscataway, NJ: Transaction Publishers.
Gordon, Avery. 1997. Ghostly Matters: Haunting and the Sociological Imagination. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. https://go.gale.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA276187005&sid=googleScholar&v=2.1&it=r&linkaccess=abs&issn=14470810&p=AONE&sw=w&userGroupName=anon%7E4bb9019f&aty=open-web-entry.
Gordon, Avery. 2011. “Some Thoughts on Haunting and Futurity.” Borderlands 10 (2): 1–21. https://go.gale.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA276187005&sid=googleScholar&v=2.1&it=r&linkaccess=abs&issn=14470810&p=AONE&sw=w&userGroupName=anon%7E4bb9019f&aty=open-web-entry.
Greenhow, Christine, and Benjamin Gleason. 2014. “Social Scholarship: Reconsidering Scholarly Practices in the Age of Social Media.” British Journal of Educational Technology 45 (3): 392–402. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjet.12150.
Holloway, Julian, and James Kneale. 2008. “Locating Haunting: A Ghost-Hunter’s Guide.” Cultural Geographies 1 (3): 297–312. http://www.jstor.org/stable/44251218.
hooks, bell. 2018. All About Love: New Visions. Updated ed., Toronto: HarperCollins.
Hookway, Nicholas. 2008. “‘Entering the Blogosphere’: Some Strategies for Using Blogs in Social Research.” Qualitative Research 8 (1): 91–113. https://doi.org/10.1177/1468794107085298.
Hutchings, Pat, Paola Borin, Linda Keesing-Styles, Lynn Martin, Renee Michael, Lauren Scharff, Scott Simkins, and Ahmed Ismail. 2013. “The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in an Age of Accountability: Building Bridges.” The International Society for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning 1 (2): 35–47. https://doi.org/10.20343/teachlearninqu.1.2.35.
Justice, Tom, and David Jamieson. 2012. The Facilitator’s Fieldbook. New York City: Harper Collins.
Kathpalia, Sujata S., and Carmel Heah. 2008. “Reflective Writing: Insights into What Lies Beneath.” RELC Journal 39 (3): 300–317. https://doi.org/10.1177/0033688208096843.
Linneberg, Mai Skjott, and Steffen Korsgaard. 2019. “Coding Qualitative Data: A Synthesis Guiding the Novice.” Qualitative Research Journal 19 (3): 259–70. https://doi.org/10.1108/QRJ-12-2018-0012.
Macherey, Pierre, and Ted Stolze. 1995. “Marx Dematerialized, or the Spirit of Derrida.” Rethinking Marxism 8 (4): 18–25. https://doi.org/10.1080/08935699508685464.
Manarin, Karen, Christine Adams, Richard Fendler, Heidi Marsh, Ethan Pohl, Suzanne Porath, and Alison Thomas. 2021. “Examining the Focus of SoTL Literature—Teaching and Learning?” Teaching & Learning Inquiry 9 (1): 349–64. https://doi.org/10.20343/teachlearninqu.9.1.23.
Mohn, Elizabeth. 2018. Appreciative Inquiry (AI). Hackensack, NJ: Salem Press Encyclopedia.
Morse, Janice M. 2015. “Critical Analysis of Strategies for Determining Rigor in Qualitative Inquiry.” Qualitative Health Research 25 (9): 1212–22. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732315588501.
Reed, Jan. 2007. Appreciative Inquiry. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. https://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412983464.
Schroeder, Robyn. 2020. “The Rise of the Public Humanists.” In Doing Public Humanities, edited by Susan Smulyan, 5–27. New York: Routledge.
Shaw, Katy. 2018. Hauntology: The Presence of the Past in Twenty-First Century English Literature. London: Palgrave MacMillan.
Shulman, Lee S. 2004. Teaching as Community Property: Essays on Higher Education. Ann Arbor, MI: Wiley.
Sedgwick, Eve K. 1997. “Paranoid Reading and Reparative Reading; or You’re So Paranoid, You Probably Think This Introduction is About You.” In Novel Gazing: Queer Readings in Fiction, 1–37. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. https://doi.org/10.1215/9780822382478.
Simpson, Kat. 2021. Social Haunting, Education, and the Working Class: A Critical Marxist Ethnography in a Former Mining Community. New York: Routledge.
Sykes, Charlie. 1988. Profscam: Professors and the Demise of Higher Education. Washington DC: Regnery Publishing.
Vickers, Early. n.d. “‘Yes, and’: Acceptance, Resistance, and Change in Improv, Aikido, and Psychotherapy.” Working paper, https://www.sfxmachine.com/docs/yes,_and.pdf.
Whitney, Diana, and David Cooperrider. 2005. Appreciative Inquiry: A Positive Revolution in Change. Oakland, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
Zylberman, Patrick. 2010. “Comment: Influenza Epidemics and the Politics of Historical Analogy.” In Influenza and Public Health: Learning from Past Pandemics, edited by Jennifer Gunn, Tamara Giles-Vernick, and Susan Craddock, 84–90. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781849776448.
APPENDIX: REFERENCED SOTL BLOGS
Abboud, Victoria. 2021. “Seeking a Place on the Silence-Sound Continuum: Teaching into the Virtual Abyss.” Teach & Learn (blog). Centre for Teaching and Learning at the University of Windsor. June 2. https://teach-learn.ca/2021/06/02/seeking-a-place-on-the-silence-sound-continuum/.
Andrews, Dave. 2020. “Connecting while Connected: Building Relationships with Students in Online Classes.” Teach & Learn (blog). Centre for Teaching and Learning at the University of Windsor. June 24. https://teach-learn.ca/2020/06/24/connecting-while-connected-building-relationships-with-students-in-online-classes/.
Arya, Ali. 2020a. “Is There Anybody Out There? Online Courses and the Need for Connecting to Students.” Teaching and Learning Services Blog (blog). Teaching and Learning Services at Carleton University. May 14. https://carleton.ca/tls/?p=27372.
Arya, Ali. 2020b. “Lessons Learned from Online Classes.” Teaching and Learning Services Blog (blog). Teaching and Learning Services at Carleton University. November 24. https://carleton.ca/tls/?p=32695.
Chandler, Andrea. 2020. “Reflections on Online Teaching.” Teaching and Learning Services Blog (blog). Teaching and Learning Services at Carleton University. May 14. https://carleton.ca/tls/?p=27373.
Cheung, Kevin. 2020. “Fragility and Agility in Teaching.” Teaching and Learning Services Blog (blog). Teaching and Learning Services at Carleton University. May 26. https://carleton.ca/tls/?p=27632.
Gruber, Stephan, and Derek Smith. 2021. “Reflections on Co-teaching a Field Course Online in Brightspace.” Teaching and Learning Services Blog (blog). Teaching and Learning Services at Carleton University. May 31. https://carleton.ca/tls/?p=37632.
Kaur, Tranum. 2021. “Pedagogy of Care.” Teach & Learn (blog). Centre for Teaching and Learning at University of Windsor. Jan 5. https://teach-learn.ca/2021/01/05/pedagogy-of-care/.
Lucas, Kathleen. 2020. “Part III: The Importance of Communication in Effective Online Learning.” Teaching and Learning Services Blog (blog). Teaching and Learning Services at Carleton University. October 22. https://carleton.ca/tls/?p=25256.
Lyons, Patrick. 2021. “Behind a Classroom Door – Trust, Compassion and Playfulness.” Teaching and Learning Services Blog (blog). Teaching and Learning Services at Carleton University. December 1. https://carleton.ca/tls/?p=42683.
Njegovan, Biljana, and Melanie Bedore. 2022. “Focus on Teaching: Fostering Connections.” Teaching and Learning Blog (blog). MacPherson Institute at McMaster University. May 26. https://mi.mcmaster.ca/focus-on-teaching-fostering-connections/.
Njegovan, Biljana, and Michael Justason. 2021. “Focus on Teaching: Michael Justason and Embracing Change.” Teaching and Learning Blog (blog). MacPherson Institute at McMaster University. January 27. https://mi.mcmaster.ca/focus-on-teaching-michael-justason-and-embracing-change/.
Njegovan, Biljana, Michelle Ogrodnik, Nicole Vincic, and Hoda Kamel. 2021. “Focus on Teaching: Course Navigation and Organization.” Teaching and Learning Blog (blog). MacPherson Institute at McMaster University. May 18. https://mi.mcmaster.ca/focus-on-teaching-course-navigation-and-organization/.
Njegovan, Biljana, and Trevor King. 2022. “Focus on Teaching: Trevor King and Effective Use of Video.” Teaching and Learning Blog (blog). MacPherson Institute at McMaster University. March 16. https://mi.mcmaster.ca/focus-on-teaching-trevor-king-and-effective-use-of-video/.
Petrovic-Dzerdz, Maristela. 2020. “Jump-Start Teaching Online – A Just-In-Time Journey to Support Colleagues in Times of Global Pandemic.” Teaching and Learning Services Blog (blog). Teaching and Learning Services at Carleton University. September 28. https://carleton.ca/tls/?p=30950.
Richardson, Lindsay. 2020. “Boosting Lecture Video Participation through Mini-Lessons.” Teaching and Learning Services Blog (blog). Teaching and Learning Services at Carleton University. September 22. https://carleton.ca/tls/?p=30885.
Richardson, Lindsay. 2021. “Creating Organization from Chaos.” Teaching and Learning Services Blog (blog). Teaching and Learning Services at Carleton University. May 18. https://carleton.ca/tls/?p=37281.
Richardson, Lindsay. 2022. “The Diary of an Overzealous Instructor.” Teaching and Learning Services Blog (blog). Teaching and Learning Services at Carleton University. January 7. https://carleton.ca/tls/?p=43096.
Rudyk, Chris. 2020. “Part II: The Things I Wish Somebody Told Me about Using Pre-Recorded Lectures to Deliver Lecture Content.” Teaching and Learning Services Blog (blog). Teaching and Learning Services at Carleton University. October 20. https://carleton.ca/tls/?p=25255.
Sabourin, Brandon. 2020. “Is Video Feedback Effective? [Spoiler Alert: You Should Try It!].” Teach & Learn (blog). Centre for Teaching and Learning at the University of Windsor. November 20. https://teach-learn.ca/2020/11/20/is-video-feedback-effective/.
Sears, Ian, and Marika Brown. 2022. “Reducing Stress and Increasing Engagement with “Contract Grading.” Teaching and Learning Blog (blog). MacPherson Institute at McMaster University. July 5. https://mi.mcmaster.ca/reducing-stress-and-increasing-engagement-with-contract-grading/.
Streeter, Christine. 2021. “Five Takeaways to Ease Your Anxiety while Transitioning to Brightspace.” Teaching and Learning Services Blog (blog). Teaching and Learning Services at Carleton University. April 13. https://carleton.ca/tls/?p=26109.
Wereley, Ian. 2020. “Creating an Online Course in a Hurry? Here Are Five Things I Learned during My Own Moment of Crisis.” Teaching and Learning Services Blog (blog). Teaching and Learning Services at Carleton University. May 14. https://carleton.ca/tls/?p=23570.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Laura Facciolo
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.