Audience Matters: Multimodal Projects Across Three International Case Studies




technology-enhanced assessment, multimodal inquiry, production pedagogy, non-disposable assessment, digital literacy


There is growing attention to student assessments designed to reach beyond the classroom, including assessments with an immediate or future audience. The impact of audience, however, has not been examined in multimodal assessments across continents, institutions, disciplines, and teaching contexts. Using qualitative data, this article examines the impact on student learning of incorporating audience and awareness of audience in diverse settings through multimodal projects. These include a core assignment in an interdisciplinary, semester-long graduate class in the United States, a year-long capstone project for geography undergraduates in Northern Ireland, and a supplemental assignment for graduate and undergraduate biology students in Norway. This article investigates the impact of audience through multimodal assessments across these three settings and concludes that it can positively influence student learning, motivation, and skill development.


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Author Biographies

Kelly Schrum, George Mason University

Kelly Schrum is an associate professor of higher education at George Mason University (US).

Niall Majury, Queen's University Belfast

Niall Majury is director of education and senior lecturer at the School of Natural and Built Environment at Queens University (UK).

Anne Laure Simonelli, Université Côte d’Azur

Anne Laure Simonelli was a post doc researcher at University of Bergen (Norway) during the study. She is today the pedagogical engineer of the Digital Systems for Humans (DS4H) Graduate School at Université Côte d’Azur (France).

Sarah Bodgewiecz, George Mason University

Sarah Bogdewiecz is a doctoral student in higher education at George Mason University (US).


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How to Cite

Schrum, Kelly, Niall Majury, Anne Laure Simonelli, and Sarah Bodgewiecz. 2022. “Audience Matters: Multimodal Projects Across Three International Case Studies”. Teaching and Learning Inquiry 10 (January).