Being ethically minded: Practising the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in an ethical manner
Keywords:ethical approaches, ethically minded, ethical research, ethical scholarship of teaching and learning
The authors propose a working definition of ethical Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (SoTL), advance an ethical framework for SoTL inquiry, and present a case study that illustrates the complexity of ethical issues in SoTL. The Ethical SoTL Matrix is a flexible framework designed to support SoTL practitioners, particularly in the formative stages of their inquiries. Three dominant ethical traditions form the basis of the matrix: teleological or pragmatic, external, and deontological. The key message of the paper is that SoTL practitioners should reflect on different perspectives in their efforts to do what is right in any given situation. The matrix introduces three dominant ethical traditions, but SoTL practitioners may ultimately move beyond these traditions to explore a range of ethical considerations appropriate to their projects and disciplines.
Badaracco, J. L., Jr. (1998). The discipline of building character. Harvard Business Review, 76(2), 114–124.
Blackburn, S. (2001). Ethics: A very short introduction. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Burman, M. E., & Kleinsasser, A. (2004). Ethical guidelines for use of student work: Moving from teaching’s invisibility to inquiry’s visibility in the scholarship of teaching and learning. The Journal of General Education: A Curricular Commons of the Humanities and Sciences, 53, 59–79. doi:10.1353/jge.2004.0018
Diamond, R. M. (2002). The mission-driven faculty reward system. In R. M. Diamond (Ed.), Field guide to academic leadership (pp. 271–294). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Fenton, N. E., & Szala-Meneok, K. (2010). Research on teaching and learning guidebook. Hamilton, ON, Canada: McMaster University.
Gale, R. (2009). Asking questions that matter . . . asking questions of value. International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 3(2). Retrieved from http://academics.georgiasouthern.edu/ijsotl/v3n2/invited_essays/PDFs/InvitedEssay_Gale.pdf
Gandhi, M. (2002). The essential Gandhi: An anthology of his writings on his life, work, and ideas (L. Fischer, Ed., 2nd ed.). New York, NY : Vintage Spiritual Classics. (Original work published 1924)
Gardner, H., Csikszentmihalyi, M., & Damon, W. (2001). Good work: When excellence and ethics meet. New York, NY : Basic Books.
Healey, M. (2003). The scholarship of teaching: Issues around an evolving concept. Journal on Excellence in College Teaching, 14(2/3), 5–26.
Hursthouse, R. (1999). On virtue ethics. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Hutchings, P. (2003). Competing goods: Ethical issues in the scholarship of teaching and learning. Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 35(5), 27–33. Retrieved from www.cte.hawaii.edu/handouts/HHhandout.pdf
Israel, M., & I. Hay (2006). Research ethics for social scientists. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Kant, I. (2005). Fundamental principles of the metaphysic of morals (T. K. Abbott, Trans.). Retrieved from http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/5682/pg5682.html (Original work published 1785)
Kidder, R. M. (1985). How good people make tough choices: Resolving the dilemmas of ethical living. New York, NY : William Morrow.
Kreber, C. (2002). Teaching excellence, teaching expertise, and the scholarship of teaching. Innovative Higher Education, 27, 5–23. doi:10.1023/A:1020464222360
Maclean, M., & Poole, G. (2010). An introduction to ethical considerations for novices to research in teaching and learning in Canada. The Canadian Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 1(2), article 7. doi:10.5206/cjsotl-rcacea.2010.2.7
Mepham, B., Kaiser, M., Thorstensen, E., Tomkins, S., & Millar, K. (2006). Ethical matrix manual. The Hague, the Netherlands: LEI. Retrieved from http://www.ethicaltools.info/content/ET2%20Manual%20EM%20%28Binnenwerk%2045p%29.pdf
Morris, A., & Scott, W. (2012, June). The formula sheet in first year physics exams, friend or foe? Paper presented at the Canadian Association of Physicists Congress, Calgary, AB, Canada.
Noddings, N. (2012). The caring relation in teaching. Oxford Review of Education, 38, 771–781. doi:10.1080/03054985.2012.745047
Norton, B. G. (2008). Beyond positivist ecology: Toward an integrated ecological ethics. Science & Engineering Ethics, 14, 581–592. doi:10.1007/s11948-008-9095-0
Parliament of the World’s Religions. (1993). Declaration toward a global ethic. Retrieved from http://www.urbandharma.org/pdf/ethic.pdf
Pecorino, P., & Kincaid, S. (2007). Why should I care about SOTL? The professional responsibilities of post-secondary educators. International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 1(1). Retrieved from http://academics.georgiasouthern.edu/ijsotl/v1n1/essays/pecorino_kincaid/IJ_Pecorino-Kincaid.pdf
Perrett, R. W. (1998). Hindu ethics: A philosophical study. Hilo, HI: University of Hawaii Press.
Pickett, S. T. A., & Cadenasso, M. L. (2002). The ecosystem as a multidimensional concept: Meaning, model, and metaphor. Ecosystems, 5, 1–10. doi:10.1007/s10021-001-0051-y
Potter, M. K., & Kustra, E. (2011). The relationship between scholarly teaching and SoTL: Models, distinctions and clarifications. International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 5(1). Retrieved from http://academics.georgiasouthern.edu/ijsotl/v5n1/essays_about_sotl/PotterKustra/index.html
Rehfuss, D. E. (2003). Formula sheet caveat. The Physics Teacher, 41(6), 375–376. doi:10.1119/1.1607822
Rothfork, J. (1995). Post-modern ethics: Richard Rorty and Michael Polanyi. Southern Humanities Review, 29(1), 15–48. Retrieved from http://oak.ucc.nau.edu/jgr6/rorty.html
Smith, D. M. (1999). Conclusion: Towards a context sensitive ethics. In J. D. Proctor & D. M. Smith (Eds.), Geography and ethics: Journeys in a moral terrain (pp. 275–288). London, UK: Routledge.
Stutchbury, K., & Fox, A. (2009). Ethics in educational research: Introducing a methodological tool for effective ethical analysis. Cambridge Journal of Education, 39, 489–504. doi: 10.1080/03057640903354396
Whisnant, R., & DesAutels, P. (Eds.). (2008). Global feminist ethics: Feminist ethics and social theory. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
White, T. (1993). Business ethics: A philosophical reader. New York, NY : Macmillan.
Wilber, K., Patten, T., Leonard, A., & Morelli, M. (2008). Integral life practice: A 21st-century blueprint for physical health, emotional balance, mental clarity, and spiritual awakening. Boston, MA: Integral.