An Explanatory Model of Teacher Movement Within Ontario School Boards

Timothy Sibbald


Teacher movement within school boards was examined using a qualitative methodology. Emergent themes were found to be consistent with the research literature and the addition of two themes achieved theoretical saturation. In this paper, the themes and relationships between the themes are examined in terms of developing a substantive theoretical model of teacher movement within school boards. However, it is found that a two-phase chronology of events was necessary for the model development. The two phases are the shortterm chronology of transfer events and the other is a longterm chronology of lifestyle over a career. The model that emerged is consistent with all findings in the qualitative study and concordant with findings by other researchers.


Teacher mobility; Teacher movement; teacher transfer

Full Text:



Author (in press). The movement of teachers within Ontario school boards. Canadian Journal of Educational Administration and Policy.

Author (2016). The movement of teachers within school boards. Manuscript submitted for publication. (Validates concepts that are analogous with factors identified in quantitative studies.)

Barbieri, G., Rossetti, C., & Sestito, P. (2011). The determinants of teacher mobility: Evidence using Italian teachers’ transfer applications. Economics of Education Review, 30, 1430-1444.

Blazer, C. (2006). Literature review on teacher transfer and turnover. Miami, FL. Miami-Dade County Public School. Retrieved from

Boyd, D., Lankford, H., Loeb, S., & Wyckoff, J. (2005). The draw of home: How teachers' preferences for proximity disadvantage urban schools. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 24(1), 113-132.

Cresswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (2nd edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Denzler, S., & Wolter, S. C. (2009). Sorting into teacher education: How the institutional setting matters. Cambridge Journal of Education, 39(4), 423-441.

Engel, M., & Finch, M. A. (2015). Staffing the classroom: How urban principals find teachers and make hiring decisions. Leadership and Policy in Schools, 14, 12-41.

Feng L., & Sass, T. (2011). Teacher quality and mobility. Center for analysis of longitudinal data in education research. Retrieved from http://www. urban. org/publications/1001506. html

Fulbeck, E. S. (2014). Teacher mobility and financial incentives: A descriptive analysis of Denver's ProComp. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 36(1), 67-82.

Goldhaber, D., Gross, B., & Player, D. (2007). Are public schools really losing their “Best”? Assessing the career transitions of teachers and their implications for the quality of the teacher workforce (Working paper 12). Washington, DC: National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Educational Research.

Goldhaber, D., Lavery, L., & Theobald, R. (2016). Inconvenient truth? Do collective bargaining agreements help explain the mobility of teachers within school districts? Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 35(4), 848-880.

Guarino, C. M., Brown, A. B., & Wyse, A. E. (2011). Can districts keep good teachers in the schools that need them most? Economics of Education Review, 30(5), 962-979.

Hansen, K. (2014). Moving house for education in the pre-school years. British Educational Research Journal, 40(3), 483-500.

Hanson, S., & Pratt, G. (1988). Reconceptualizing the links between home and work in urban geography. Economic Geography, 64(4), 299-321.

Hanushek, E. A., Kain, J. F., & Rivken, S. G. (2004). Why public schools lose teachers. The Journal of Human Resources, 39(2), 326-354.

Horng, E. L. (2009). Teacher tradeoffs: Disentangling teachers’ preferences for working conditions and student demographics. American Educational Research Journal, 46(3), 690-717.

Jackson, C. K. (2013). Match quality, worker productivity, and worker mobility: Direct evidence from teachers. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 95(4), 1096–1116.

Keigher, A. (2010). Teacher attrition and mobility: Results from the 2008–09 teacher follow-up survey (NCES 2010-353). United States Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.

Lassig, C., Doherty, C. A., & Moore, K. (2015). The private problem with public service: rural teachers in educational markets. Journal of Educational Administration and History, 47(2), 117-139. DOI 10.1080/00220620.2015.996863

Lankford, H., Loeb, S., & Wyckoff, J. (2002). Sorting and the plight of urban schools: A descriptive analysis. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 24(1), 37-62.

Loubert, L., & Nelson, F. H. (2010). The impact of collective bargaining and urbanicity on the late hiring of teachers. Leadership and Policy in Schools, 9, 421-440.

Merriam, S. B. (1998). Qualitative research and case study applications in education. San Soniacisco, CA: Jossey-Boss.

Ontario. (n.d.). Education Facts. Retrieved from www. edu. gov. on. ca/eng/educationFacts. html

Ontario College of Teachers (n.d.). The standards of pracice for the teaching profession. Availble from

Papay, J. P., & Kraft, M. A. (2016). The productivity costs of inefficient hiring practices: Evidence from late teacher hiring. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 35(4), 791-817. DOI: 10.1002/pam.21930

Perren, S., Keller, R., Passardi, M., & Scholz, U. (2010). Well-being curves across transitions: The development of a retrospective measure. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 69(1), 15-29.

Pole, K. (2007). Mixed method designs: A review of strategies for blending quantitative and qualitative methodologies. Mid-Western Educational Researcher, 20(4), 35-38.

Reininger, M. (2012). Hometown disadvantage? It depends on where you’re from: Teachers’ location preferences and the implications for staffing schools. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 34(2), 127-145.

Smithers, A., & Robinson, P. (2005). Teacher turnover, wastage and movements between schools. Research Report RR640. Retrieved from London, UK: Department for Education and Skills.

Thorton, B., Perreault, G., & Jennings, M. (2008). Keeping school: Teacher transfers within a large district. Education, 129(2), 353-360.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Timothy Sibbald

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.