Navigating the Waters: Understanding Allied Relationships through a Tekéni Teyohà:ke Kahswénhtake Two Row Research Paradigm


  • Bonnie Freeman
  • Trish Van Katwyk


Indigenist; Indigenous and non-Indigenous research paradigm; Haudenosaunee Two Row wampum; canoe journey; collaborative auto-ethnography


This article is based on the establishment of a Haudenosaunee community-based research paradigm to provide Indigenous and non-Indigenous researchers with guiding research principles based on the Tekéni Teyohà:ke Kahswénhtake, also known as the Two Row Wampum. An Indigenous and non-Indigenous researcher have joined in a canoe journey and a participatory, action-centered, collaborative auto-ethnography to explore the principles of Tekéni Teyohà:ke Kahswénhtake research partnerships. This article describes the learning that occurred for the researchers in their considerations of dialogical space, distinction that is both equitable and heterogenous, ceremony in research, knowledge as exchange in trusting relationships, and the significance of journey. 



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