‘Ike Hawai‘i – A Training Program for Working with Native Hawaiians

  • Kai Duponte
  • Tammy Martin
  • Noreen Mokuau
  • Lynette Paglinawan
Keywords: Native Hawaiians, cultural competence, indigenous people, historical trauma, experiential training, resilience, human service professionals

Abstract

Native Hawaiians in Hawai‘i experience multiple health and social problems and are highly represented in the child welfare system, in particular. There is increasing attention to the argument that some problems derive from historic trauma. The importance of the relationship of history to contemporary problems was a fundamental premise in the development of a training model for social work students. This paper describes ‘Ike Hawai‘i, a training model intended to improve the cultural competency of social work students working with Native Hawaiian clients in the public child welfare system. There are six main elements of this training: 1) Self-Disclosure, 2) Hawaiian Worldview, 3) Grief and Loss, 4) Hawaiian Historical Events, with a focus on the Mahele and the overthrow of the Hawaiian Monarchy, 5) Current Day Strengths and Challenges, and 6) Cultural Ways of Healing and Practical Suggestions for Working with Native Hawaiians. Evaluative scores and comments from students indicate that the training program has been found to be useful and helpful in their work with Native Hawaiian clients. Such a model, with its emphasis on experiential learning, self-awareness, cultural knowledge, and service implications, may have applicability for other populations and, in particular, other native peoples.

References

Aboriginal Healing Foundation. (2004). Historic trauma and aboriginal healing. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Author.

Act 57, Section 30, Laws of the Republic of Hawai‘i. (1896).

Apgar, S. (2005, July 18). Debating the issue. Honolulu Star Bulletin. Retrieved September 6, 2009, from http://archives.starbulletin.com/2005/07/18/news/index.html

Apo, P. (1990). Dear Mr. President [Recorded by Marlene Sai]. On Peter Apo presents Hawaiian Nation: A call for Hawaiian sovereignty [CD]. Honolulu, HI: Mamo Records. Apology Bill, Pub. L. No. 103-150, Section 1. (1993).

Au, L. (2008, October 27). State evicts families from Kahana Valley. Honolulu Star Bulletin. Retrieved September 6, 2009, from http://www.starbulletin.com/news/20081027_state_evicts_families_from_kahana_valley.html

Blaisdell, K., & Mokuau, N. (1991). Kānaka maoli: Indigenous Hawaiians. In N. Mokuau (Ed.), Handbook of social services for Asian and Pacific Islanders (pp. 131-154). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Browne, C. V., Mokuau, N., & Braun, K. L. (2009). Ola pono nā kūpuna (health of our elders): Resiliency and adversity in the lives of Native Hawaiian elders. Social Work, 54, 253-261.

Comas-Diaz, L., & Jacobsen, F. (1991). Ethnocultural transference and countertransference in the therapeutic dyad. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 61, 392-402.

Daws, G. (1968). Shoal of time: A history of the Hawaiian Islands. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawai‘i Press.

Emery, A. (2000). Guidelines: Integrating indigenous knowledge in project planning and implementation. Retrieved November 26, 2008, from http://www.kivu.com

Fong, R. (1999). Culturally competent social work practice: Past and present. In R. Fong & S. Furuto (Eds.), Culturally competent practice: Skills, interventions and evaluations (pp. 1-9). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Fong, R., Boyd, L., & Browne, C. (1999). The Ghandi technique: A biculturalization approach for empowering Asian and Pacific Islander families. Journal of Multicultural Social Work, 95-110.

Gionson, T. I. (2008, November 25). Kupu‘āina coalition protests state’s U.S. Supreme appeal over ceded land sales. Ka Wai Ola. Honolulu, HI: Office of Hawaiian Affairs.

Godinet M., Arnsberger, P., & Newlin, P. (2007, October). Predicting re-entry and multiple placements: The case of Hawai‘i. Paper presented at the Council on Social Work Education Annual Program Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

Hasager, U., & Friedman, J. (Eds.). (1994). Hawai‘i: Return to nationhood. Copenhagen, Denmark: International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs. Kame‘eleihiwa, L. (1992). Native land and foreign desires: Pehea lā e pono ai? Honolulu, HI: Bishop Museum.

Kamehameha Schools. (2008). (http://www.ksbe.edu/osp/StratPlan/MissionVision.pdf) Kamehameha Schools Policy Analysis & System Evaluation. (2002). Hawaiians in the 2000 U.S. Census (Map). Honolulu, HI: Author. Lili‘uokalani, L. (1964). Hawai‘i’s story by Hawai‘i’s queen. Tokyo: Tuttle. Lum, C. (2007, July 12). Hawaii’s life expectancy highest in nation. Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved September 6, 2009, from http://the.honoluluadvertiser. com/article/2007/Jul/12/ln/FP707120359.html

Lum, D. (1999). Culturally competent practice. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Lynch, E. W., & Hanson, M. J. (2004). Developing cross-cultural competence: A guide to working with children and their families. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publishing.

McGregor, D. P. (2007). Nā kua‘āina: Living Hawaiian culture. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawai‘i Press.

Mokuau, N. (1990). A family-centered approach in native Hawaiian culture. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Human Services, 71(10), 607-613.

Mokuau, N. (1999). Reality and vision: A cultural perspective in addressing alcohol and drug abuse among Pacific Islanders. In N. Mokuau (Ed.), Responding to Pacific Islanders: Culturally competent perspectives for substance abuse prevention (pp. 25-48). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing.

Mokuau, N. (in press). Culturally-based solutions to preserve the health of Native Hawaiians. In B. Young (Ed.), Health and Hawaiian culture. Mokuau, N., Braun, K. L., Wong, L., Higuchi, P., & Gotay, C. (2008). Development of a family intervention for Native Hawaiian women with cancer: A pilot study. Social Work, 53, 9-19.

Mokuau, N., & Shimizu, D. (1991). Conceptual framework for social services for Asians and Pacific Islander Americans. In N. Mokuau (Ed.), Handbook of social services for Asian and Pacific Islanders (pp. 21-36). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Native Hawaiian Government Reorganization Act, S. 1011/H.R. 2314, 111th Cong. (2009).

Nishimura, S. T., Goebert, D. A., Ramisetty-Mikler, S., & Caetano, R. (2005). Adolescent alcohol use and suicide indicators among adolescents in Hawai‘i. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 11, 309–320.

Oneha, M. F. M. (2001). Ka mauli o ka ‘Āina a he mauli kānaka: an ethnographic study from a Hawaiian Sense of Place. Pacific Health Dialog, 8, 299-311.

Park, C. B., Braun, K. L., Horiuchi, B. Y., Tottori, C., & Onaka, A. T. (in press). Longevity disparities in multiethnic Hawai‘i: An analysis of 2000 life tables. Public Health Reports.

Pukui, M. K. (1983). ‘Ōlelo No‘eau, Hawaiian proverbs and poetical sayings. Honolulu, HI: Bishop Museum Press.

Pukui, M. K., & Elbert S. H. (1986). Hawaiian dictionary. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawai‘i Press.

Pukui, M. K., Haertig, E. W., & Lee, C. A. (1972). Nānā I Ke Kumu: Look to the source (Vol. 1). Honolulu, HI: Hui Hānai.

Rezentes III, W. (1996). Ka Lama Kukui Hawaiian psychology: An introduction. China: ‘A‘ali‘i Books.

Saleebey, D. (2002). The strengths perspective in social work practice (3rd ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Silva, N. K. (2005). Aloha betrayed. Honolulu, HI: Duke University Press.

State of Hawai‘i Department of Health. (2007). Behavioral risk factor surveillance system. Honolulu, HI: Author. State of Hawai‘i Department of Human Services & Casey Family Programs.

(2008, November). E Kūkākūkā Mai Kākou No Na Kamali‘ i. Paper presented at ‘Aha conference, Waimanalo, HI.

State of Hawai‘i Department of Public Safety. (2007). Annual report 2007. Honolulu, HI: Author.

U.S. Census Bureau. (2000a). American FactFinder, Demographic profile highlights: Native Hawaiian alone or in any combination.

U.S. Census Bureau. (2000b). Profile of general demographic characteristics.

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Office of Minority Health. (2008).

Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islanders profile. Retrieved November 18, 2008, from http://www.omhrc.gov/templates/browse.aspx?lvl=2&lvlID=71

Wilson, C. (2008, November 13). Asians also high among those with high diabetes rates. Honolulu Advertiser, p. 6.

Wong, M. M., Klingle R. S., & Price, R. K. (2004). Alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use among Asian American and Pacific Islander adolescents in California and Hawaii. Addictive Behaviors, 29,127-41.

Yuan, S., Kole, S., & Yuen, S. (2008). Homeless service utilization report: Hawai‘ i 2008. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawai‘i, Center on the Family.

Published
2012-01-01
Section
Articles