“Fake Vegans”: Indigenous Solidarity and Animal Liberation Activism
The Haudenosaunee Wildlife and Habitat Authority has negotiated with Parks Canada to determine safe areas for indigenous hunters to exercise their Treaty rights in Ontario. One of these areas is Short Hills Provincial Park. Every year, a group of protestors block the park in an attempt to prevent hunters from legally exercising their rights. The protestors are a combination of property owners who have a "not in my backyard" mentality, and animal activists who object to the deer harvest. In response to the protests, supporters of the hunters have taken a stance of solidarity at the park entrance to try to disrupt the protests. The supporters consist of indigenous peoples and settler allies, members of CPT-IPS, Christian Peacemaker Indigenous Peoples Solidarity Team, and members of HALT, Hamilton Animal Liberation Team. This paper focuses on deconstructing the experiences of settler animal liberation activists demonstrating in solidarity with indigenous hunters.
Animal Liberation Front (ALF). (n.d.a). #87: What are the forms of animal rights activism? Retrieved from http://animalliberationfront.com/ALFront/Activist%20Tips/ARActivFAQs.htm#faq87
Animal Liberation Front (ALF). (n.d.b). #2: Animal Rights vs Animal Welfare. Retrieved from http://www.animalliberationfront.com/ALFront/FAQs/GenARFAQ.htm#faq2
Belcourt, B. R. (2014). Animal Bodies, Colonial Subjects:(Re) Locating Animality in Decolonial Thought. Societies, 5(1), 1-11.
Coronado, R. (2011). Flaming Arrows: Collected Writings of Animal Liberation Front Activist Rod Coronado. Warcry Communications.
Corman, L. (2012). The ventriloquist's burden? animals, voice, and politics (Order No. AAINR92818). Available from ProQuest Sociology Collection. (1520343395; 201421083). Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1520343395?accountid=12347
Donaldson, S., & Kymlicka, W. (2015). Animal Rights and Aboriginal Rights. In Black, Sankoff, and Sykes. (eds.). Canadian Perspectives on Animals and the Law. Irwin Law.
Donaldson, S., & Kymlicka, W. (2011). Introduction. In Zoopolis: A political theory of animal rights. P. 44-45. OUP Oxford.
Government of Ontario. (2016). Ontario Hunting Regulations Summary. Retrieved from https://www.ontario.ca/document/ontario-hunting-regulations-summary
Haudenosaunee Confederacy. (n.d.). Haudenosaunee Wildlife and Habitat Committee. Retrieved from http://www.haudenosauneeconfederacy.com/hwhc.html
Kim, C. J. (2015). Dangerous Crossings. Cambridge University Press.
Lavallie, J. (2016). The Colonial Flight of the Bumblebee. Retrieved from https://fakevegan.com/2016/04/05/the-colonial-flight-of-the-honeybee/
Lavallie, J. (2015). Marineland Protests Must Be Made. Hamilton Spectator. Retrieved from http://www.thespec.com/opinion-story/5647213-marineland-protests-must-be-made/
Ontario Wildlife Management Unit. (2014). Estimated Resident White-Tailed Deer Hunting Activity and Harvest. Retrieved from https://www.ontario.ca/document/resident-white-tailed-deer-hunting-activity
Onondaga Nation. (2017). Two Row Wampum: Gusweñta. Retrieved from http://www.onondaganation.org/culture/wampum/two-row-wampum-belt-guswenta/
Poisinelli, K. (2016). Fundraiser Fun! Retrieved from http://www.wildearthrefuge.com/fundraiser-fun/
Powell, D. (2013a). This Isn’t About Race: Short Hills, Niagara Action for Animals, Sun Media, and Settler Panic. Retrieved from http://dylanxpowell.com/2013/08/27/this-isnt-about-race-short-hills-niagara-action-for-animals-sun-media-and-the-settler-panic/
Powell, D. (2013b). Short Hills Should Be a Lesson in Settler Animal Advocacy. Two Row Times: The Spirit of All Nations. Retrieved from https://tworowtimes.com/opinions/opinion/short-hills-lesson-settler-animal-advocacy/
Powell, D. (2014). Veganism in the Occupied Territories: Anti-Colonialism and Animal Liberation. Retrieved from http://dylanxpowell.com/2014/03/01/veganism-in-the-occupied-territories-anti-colonialism-and-animal-liberation/
Robinson, M. (2013). Veganism and Mi’kmaq Legends. The Canadian Journal of Native Studies, 33(1), 189.
Rudy, K. (2011). Loving animals: Toward a new animal advocacy. U of Minnesota Press.
Simien, E.M. (2007). Doing intersectionality research: from conceptual issues to practical examples. Politics and Gender, 3 (2), p. 264-271. DOI: 10.1017/S1743923X07000086
Statistics Canada. (2015). Aboriginal Peoples in Canada: First Nations People, Métis and Inuit. Retrieved from https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/as-sa/99-011-x/99-011-x2011001-eng.cfm