Emergence of argumentation in elementary science classrooms
Scientific argumentation can emerge naturally and spontaneously where students with diverse backgrounds and knowledge interact in classrooms. As research on argumentation as an emergent phenomenon has been limited in school science education, this paper particularly aims to understand how elementary students’ argumentation emerges and develops through problem solving process. A qualitative case study was conducted in a fifth-/sixth- grade science classroom in Canada over a 4-month period. Data resource included classroom video recording, interviews, and artifacts from classroom activities. It was found that student argumentation often occurred spontaneously when students explicitly questioned about the rationales of each other’s’ ideas. Teacher scaffolding in problem-solving contexts and students’ appreciation of peers’ different ideas in collaborative contexts positively influenced scientific argumentation to emerge and develop.
- Manuscripts submitted to CJNSE/RCJCÉ must be original work that has not been published elsewhere, nor is currently being considered for publication elsewhere. The author should confirm this in the cover letter sent with the manuscript.
- Articles that are published within the CJNSE/RCJCÉ must not be published elsewhere, in whole or part, for one year after publication.
- Copyright for articles published in this journal is retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. By virtue of their appearance in this open access journal, articles are free to use, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings. Granting the CJNSE/RCJCÉ first publication rights must be in the cover letter sent with the manuscript.
- If the manuscript contains copyrighted materials, the author should note this in the cover letter sent with the manuscript, and indicate when letters of permission will be forwarded to the Editor.
- If the manuscript reports on research with “human subjects,” the author should include a statement in the cover letter that ethics approval has been received for the research, indicating the granting body and protocol number if applicable.
- Authors are encouraged to use language that is inclusive and culturally sensitive.