Status of Peary Caribou and Muskox Populations on Bathurst Island, N.W.T., August 1981
Keywords:Animal distribution, Animal population, Caribou, Muskoxen, Wildlife management, Bathurst Island, Nunavut
An aerial survey of Bathurst Island, Northwest Territories, Canada, was conducted 10-13 August 1981 to determine if Peary caribou (Rangifer tarandus pearyi) and muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus) had recovered since die-offs in the early 1970s. Sampling intensity was 26%, except for 74% over Polar Bear Pass on central Bathurst Island. Populations of 289 Peary caribou and 208 muskoxen were estimated. The proportion of calves among classified animals was 19% for caribou and 16% for muskoxen. Caribou were concentrated on northern Bathurst, preferring elevations 151-300 m above sea level (asl). Muskoxen were concentrated in southern and central Bathurst Island, preferring elevations below 150 m asl. Spatial separation of the two species during the survey suggested little or no range overlap during late summer. Calf production and/or summer survival in 1981 was significantly greater than in 1974. The 1981 caribou and muskox estimates were only slightly greater than in August 1974. Thus the populations estimated in 1981 showed no marked overall recovery since 1974. Prohibition of harvesting of both species should continue on Bathurst Island. An "extensive-then-intensive" survey design is recommended for future work, based on statistical problems associated with the 1981 and previous surveys.
Key words: Northwest Territories, Peary caribou, muskoxen, population status, distribution, management