Measuring Students’ Perception of Learning: The Systematic Development of An Instrument


  • Daniel George Ngugi Minot State University
  • Lisa Borden-King Minot State University
  • Draza Markovic Minot State University
  • Andy Bertsch Minot State University



Within the education sector various tools have been used to measure effectiveness of instruction. It is typical that measures of teaching effectiveness include, but are not limited to, the student’s perception of their experience in the classroom and with a given instructor. Student evaluations of teaching (SETs) are one form of measurement commonly used in American universities. It is important to determine whether these SETs are helpful in assessing effective teaching and the instructor’s work in and out of the classroom, in general. To determine whether these SETs are helpful in assessing effective teaching and the instructor’s work in and out of the classroom, in general, we sought to develop an instrument to measure the students’ perception of teaching and learning as represented by three concepts: Student, Course, and Instructor. We used scaled survey items, some of which we borrowed from other instruments to operationalize the concepts and create a pilot test. We analyzed the data using Factor analysis techniques. The result was an instrument that included 24 items scaled on a five-point Likert scale.

Key words: Teaching evaluation, instructor evaluation, course evaluation, student evaluation of teaching, students’ perception of learning.

Dans le secteur de l’éducation, divers outils ont servi à l’évaluation de l’efficacité de l’enseignement. Typiquement, les mesures de l’efficacité de l’enseignement comprennent, entre autres, la perception qu’a l’étudiant de son expérience en classe et avec son professeur. Les évaluations par les étudiants de l’enseignement sont une mesure couramment utilisée dans les universités américaines. Il est important de déterminer si ces évaluations par les étudiants sont utiles dans l’évaluation générale de l’efficacité de l’enseignement et du travail du professeur en salle de classe et à l’extérieur de celle-ci. Pour le faire, nous avons tenté de développer un instrument permettant de mesurer la perception qu’ont les étudiants de l’enseignement et de l’apprentissage en fonction de trois concepts : l’étudiant, le cours et le professeur. Pour mettre en œuvre les concepts et créer un essai pilote, nous nous sommes servi de questions de sondage échelonnées, dont certaines ont été empruntées à d’autres instruments. Nous avons analysé les données avec des techniques d’analyse factorielle. Le résultat est un instrument à 24 items gradués selon l’échelle de Likert.

Mots clés : évaluation de l’enseignement, évaluation de l’enseignant, évaluation de cours, évaluation par les étudiants de l’enseignement, perception des étudiants de l’apprentissage

Author Biographies

Daniel George Ngugi, Minot State University

Daniel George Ngugi is Associate Professor and Coordinator of Economics at Minot State University in the USA. His research interests include learning in higher education, environmental economics, managerial and business economics and, technology adoption.

Lisa Borden-King, Minot State University

Lisa Borden-King holds a Ph.D. with an emphasis on the philosophy of education from Indiana University. She has taught Preschool & Kindergarten in the past and has also taught at the college level for 25 years. Dr. Borden-King's research interests are in the areas of student learning, assessment of student learning, and reading instruction at all levels.

Draza Markovic, Minot State University

Draza Markovic is Associate Professor of Physics at Minot State University his areas of research interest include Rossby-Alfven waves, black holes, neutron stars, microlensing events, as well as teaching and learning.

Andy Bertsch, Minot State University

Andy Bertsch holds a Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) degree in International Management and Leadership from the Henley Management College in England and an Advanced Postgraduate Diploma in Management Consultancy (APDMC) also from Henley. Dr. Bertsch actively researches and consults in the fields of leadership, international management, culture, entrepreneurship, strategic planning, and economic development.