Learning Strategies of Students Attending a “Second Chance” School
Keywords:"second chance" schools, students at risk, learning strategies, school activities, drop out
This study was conducted in Quebec with 608 students (aged 16-19) in four “second chance” schools of the greater Montreal area. The objectives were twofold: (a) to identify the strategies of these students in the context of five learning activities; and (b) to compare the strategies of students who had withdrawn from school after their mandatory attendance period (age 16-17) with those of students exceeding the age limit for high school (age 18-19). Results from a self-reported questionnaire in French show that the students lack many learning strategies, particularly for two of the five activities. The differences between the two groups always favor the older students and pertain to a specific aspect of the activity. These results argue for differentiation in research and classroom practices according to the activities presented to the students and according to the two age groups.
Cette étude a été réalisée au Québec auprès de 608 élèves (âgés de 16 à 19 ans) de quatre écoles de « raccrocheurs » de la région métropolitaine de Montréal. La recherche a poursuivi deux objectifs : (a) identifier les stratégies des élèves « raccrocheurs » dans le cadre de cinq activités d’apprentissage; et (b) comparer les stratégies des élèves qui avaient abandonné l’école après la période de fréquentation obligatoire (16-17 ans) à celles des élèves qui avaient dépassé l’âge limite de fréquentation de l’école secondaire (18-19 ans). Les résultats à un questionnaire validé en français indiquent que tous les élèves, en général, disent avoir recours à un nombre restreint de stratégies d’apprentissage, notamment dans deux des cinq activités. Les différences entre les deux groupes favorisent toujours les élèves plus âgés et sont pertinentes pour un aspect spécifique de l’activité. Ces résultats militent en faveur d’une différenciation de la recherche et des pratiques pédagogiques selon les activités présentées aux élèves d’une part, et les deux groupes d’âge d’autre part.
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