Gender Differences in Cooperative Learning with University Students

  • Susan Rodger
  • Harry G. Murray
  • Anne L. Cummings


Differences in achievement were investigated for 80 female and 80 male university students who were randomly assigned to either cooperative or competitive teaching methods. After viewing a videotaped instruction on research design, participants completed a mini-assignment either individually in the competitive condition or with a same-sex partner in the cooperative condition. All participants individually completed a multiple-choice test to assess achievement. Although no differences were found on the multiple-choice test, on the mini-assignment women scored significantly higher in the cooperative than in the competitive condition, whereas men performed about equally in both conditions.