Achieving Invisibility and Having Sex with Spirits: Six Operations from an English Magic Collection ca. 1600


  • Frank Klaassen University of Saskatchewan
  • Katrina Bens University of Victoria


Six operations to achieve invisibility are contained in a sixteenth-century manuscript, London, British Library, Sloane 3850, ff. 143–166. This edition explores what may have motivated the scribe to record these texts and how pre-modern readers would have regarded them.

Author Biographies

Frank Klaassen, University of Saskatchewan

Frank Klaassen is Associate Professor of History at the University of Saskatchewan.

Katrina Bens, University of Victoria

Katrina Bens completed her B.A. in Classical, Medieval, and Renaissance Studies at the University of Saskatchewan and is pursuing her M.A. at the University of Victoria.