Higher Education for Sustainable Development in China: Policy and Progress


  • Mingming Du




The purpose of this paper is to review the development of green universities in China from the perspective of education for sustainable development (ESD), and to assess the significant factors influencing their development. This paper reveals the significance of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MoHURD) and the Ministry of Education (MoE) in the development of green universities in China. In the past two decades, a series of initiatives taken by the MoHURD has been critical in promoting the construction of green campuses. However, the overemphasis on the green infrastructure also poses significant challenges for the development of ESD in Chinese universities. Analysis suggests that the responsibilities of MoE in guiding the environmental research and curriculum planning are critical to continuing and strengthening efforts in Chinese green universities over the longer term.