Academic Achievement in Effective Schools

Authors

  • Marc Basque University of Moncton Edmundston Campus
  • Yamina Bouchamma Laval University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11575/ajer.v59i3.55790

Keywords:

student achievement, school effectiveness, teaching effectiveness, urban school, rural school

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify predictors of achievement in mathematics in elementary schools in New Brunswick (Canada). Data Collection: Both teachers and school leaders (N = 111) completed a questionnaire on their practices and on school functioning. Findings: Multiple regression analyses revealed that the students’ achievement in mathematics was determined by prior achievement, urban school attendance, and teaching quality. Implications: To counter the socioeconomic constraints on achievement in mathematics, taking a closer look at teaching quality represents a promising research area. The implications of this study on education policies and research are discussed.

L’objectif de cette étude était d’identifier les indicateurs de la réussite en mathématiques dans les écoles primaires du Nouveau-Brunswick (Canada). La cueillette de données s’est réalisée par un questionnaire administré aux enseignants et aux directions d’école (N=111) portant sur les pratiques d’enseignement et le fonctionnement de l’école. Des analyses de régression multiple ont révélé que le rendement des élèves en mathématiques était déterminé par les résultats antérieurs, la fréquentation d’écoles en milieu urbain et la qualité de l’enseignement. Comme stratégie pour contrebalancer les contraintes socioéconomiques qui agissent sur le rendement en mathématiques, la qualité de l’enseignement représente un domaine de recherche prometteur. Nous discutons des incidences de cette étude sur les politiques et la recherche en éducation.

Author Biographies

Marc Basque, University of Moncton Edmundston Campus

Marc Basque is assistant professor in the Department of Education and Letters at the University of Moncton, Edmundston Campus. He is a former primary school principal. His research interests include school effectiveness, poverty in school, teaching quality, and motivation.

Yamina Bouchamma, Laval University

Yamina Bouchamma is full professor in the Department of Foundations and Practices in Education at Laval University. She is also head of the Leadership Program for a New School and the School Management Diploma. Her research interests include student achievement, instructional leadership and supervision, professional learning communities and communities of practices, school effectiveness, and the inclusion of minorities (ethnic, linguistic, etc.).

Downloads

Published

2014-06-30

Issue

Section

ARTICLES