An Evaluation of the Knowledge, Attitude, and Behaviour to Pharmacovigilance in the Use of Antibiotics of Students in the Health Sciences Field
Background: Antibiotic resistance is a major problem worldwide. Misuse of antibiotics increases bacterial resistance. Therefore, pharmacovigilance education may contribute to rational antibiotic use. Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and behaviour about pharmacovigilance in the use of antibiotics of university students in the field of Health Sciences and to determine related factors. Method: This cross-sectional study was derived from a population of 2111 students in the field of Health Sciences during the 2019-2020 academic year. Using a simple randomization method, the sample included 1006 students who volunteered to participate in the study. Results: A total of 682 (67.8%) students reported that they had used antibiotics within the last 6 months and only 1 in 5 (20%) of the students had recommended others to use any antibiotic. According to the level of knowledge about antibiotic use, 64.2% of students considered antibiotics appropriate for viral infections. Recovery from coughs and colds was not thought to be accelerated by antibiotics according to 30.1% of the students, whereas half stated that they completed the antibiotic dose in treatment even if they felt well. Unused antibiotics were reported to remain in the home by 56.5% of the students. A statistically significant difference was determined between the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours about antibiotic use of students who had and had not received education about pharmacovigilance. Conclusion: The provision of pharmacovigilance education in all university departments and programs would make a positive contribution to rational drug use.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).