Applying Selective Optimization and Compensation Model to Mobility Adaptations of Older Adults: An Integrative Review and Implications for Nursing Care
Mobility challenges can have a significant impact on older adults’ ability to live at home independently and their quality of life. The Selective Optimization and Compensation model offers insights into how people select and adapt in order to advance their goals in life. It is not well understood how useful this model is in understanding older adults mobility challenges. An integrative review of the literature of research that has used Selective Optimization and Compensation model to examine strategies for older adults’ mobility challenges was conducted. Key Selective Optimization and Compensation behaviours identified in the literature review included giving up activities for less strenuous activities, optimizing capacity for mobility and modifying mobility behaviours. Use of the Selective Optimization and Compensation model shifted the focus to older adults’ capacity rather than their losses. Future research should continue to explore the complex connection between mobility and older adult well-being. Utilizing the Selective Optimization and Compensation model in this research might help to identify key behaviours older adults are implementing to successfully age-in-place.
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