Rallying Young Canada to the Cause: Anglophone Schoolchildren in Montreal and Toronto during the Two World Wars
Keywords:History, Education, World Wars, First World War, Second World War, Montreal, Toronto, Quebec, Ontario, Canada, Anglophone, Schooling, Curriculum, Children, Youth, Culture
This article explores the impact of the First and Second World Wars on Anglophone public school students in Canada’s two largest cities, Montreal and Toronto. It examines the wartime roles, responsibilities, and attitudes of schoolchildren, and the ways the World Wars were presented in the classroom. Considerable symmetry characterized the patriotic messages conveyed to pupils and the activities of students, but also evident over time was a diminution of romanticism, a more balanced account and understanding of conflict, and the conviction that youth had a vital role to play in the forging of a strong and thriving democracy and in promoting international cooperation.