L’évaluateur éthiquement engagé. Sur le sens et la pertinence d’un nouveau référentiel

  • Emilie Peter École nationale d'administration publique


The concept of an evaluator’s ‘commitment’, also referred to 'advocacy' in the English literature and to ‘plaidoyer’ in French, remains a subject of debate within the evaluation community. As evaluators, should we ban all forms of personal commitment to preserve the 'neutrality' of our evaluations? Instead, should we commit ourselves to increasing the quality of evaluations, or to promoting certain values? What forms of commitment should then be recommended? Through a literature review, we attempt to clarify the different understandings underlying the use of this concept, and we examine how recent epistemological and moral changes in the field of evaluation have greatly amplified its meaning and its implications for the practice. We suggest that an 'ethical commitment' may have methodological and/or moral claims, and that, evaluators’ commitment, whether ethical or not, inevitably interacts with the whole evaluation process.